So, you want to paint. But, just getting started and choosing the right subject matter to paint is a challenging task to many aspiring artists. Even professional artists find themselves lacking in inspiration from time to time – I know I do.

Imagine this, lets say you set up a still life with an ordinary apple as your subject matter…after a few minutes you might find yourself asking, ‘Well, what do I want to do with this?’ This struggle is because you uncertain and uninspired about your subject matter choices.
The 7 methods listed below will help you understand how to take a fresh look at your subject matter for new artistic inspiration. Just take a look at all the different ways in which talented artists can interpret an ordinary apple in paint! ~Lori
Guest author: Art Bistro. Originally post on

How to Choose Better Subject Matter for Your Art
“Eve and the Apple” by Ann Curry

For the Sunday painter, an apple (or anything else — a tree, a face, a barn door) exists as an object that, if you are skillful at it, can be rendered faithfully and maybe even beautifully. For the professional artist, the objects of the world are reference points that connect to a vast array of possible ideas, subject matter choices, and intentions. For the professional artist, an apple is not just an apple—it is a starting point. An artist may decide to use an apple in any of the following ways and many, many more!

1. Make It Gigantic

big giant red apple illustration
“Apple” by Benjamin Carr

He may be interested in the psychological effects of objects, not in their accurate portrayal, and may want, for example, to fill his canvas with a single apple so as to give it a singular power and presence, the way Georgia O’Keefe painted flowers “as if they were skyscrapers.” Picture a red apple completely filling a canvas all the way to the edges and feel through what psychological effects that image might have on a viewer.

2. Make It The Important Detail

Picasso often lamented, perhaps tongue-in-cheek, that viewers never realized that the peach in the painting they were viewing was not a detail but its very reason for being. “The whole painting is for the sake of that peach!” he would cry. Your painting may include many things but it may be the apple that really matters to you and that you intend to make matter to a viewer — the very reason, in short, you painted that painting.

3. Alter It Slightly or Completely

You may decide to alter the apple’s look for artistic, psychological, social, philosophical or spiritual reasons, making it surrealistically weep, presenting it as solid as a rock as everyman’s fruit (think of Van Gogh’s “Potato Eaters”), giving it a wispy look as an object in Heaven, and so on.

Mondrian’s “Apple Tree in Flower”

Or you may alter it so radically and drastically that it becomes a cubist fantasy, Mondrian-like, or otherwise completely unrecognizable. To get a sense of this process of altering you might track the many studies that Mondrian made as he further and further abstracted an apple tree until its final incarnation (see, for instance, his “Apple Tree in Flower” as one example).

4. Show Off Your Skills

An artist may want to display his skills and produce super-realistic objects that allow him to demonstrate how he can handle the folds of drapes, the sheen on grapes, or the rust on fire escapes. In part he is aiming for a psychological effect and in part he is simply showing that he is good at what he does. Think in this regard of an artist like Fantin-Latour and his 1861 painting “A Plate of Apples” or the contemporary Canadian painter Mina dela Cruz’s “Rojo y Verde.”

How to Choose Better Subject Matter for Your Art

5. Give Us An Impression

Impressionism proved that fleeting glimpses of objects provide as big a punch as those objects fully rendered in lifelike fashion. There is the “real” Rouen Cathedral and then there are Monet’s impressions of it. Imagine rendering an apple in the style of “Rouen Cathedral, Façade (Morning Effect).” It would still be an apple — but might look more like an iced version of itself!

How to Choose Better Subject Matter for Your Art
“Four Apples” by Paul Cezanne

6. Use It In A Narrative

“William Tells Son” by Ford Madox Brown

The apple may have its place, and get its look, as part of the narrative an artist is telling: as, for example, as part of a Garden of Eden or William Tell narrative painting. In the first painting it might need to look particularly delicious, in the second painting frightening by virtue of being hard to see (and hard to hit). Consider, as one example of the narrative use of an apple, Ford Madox Brown’s painting called “William Tell’s Son,” which shows a young boy holding an arrow-cleaved apple.

7. Use It Suggestively

What might an apple suggest? Rosiness? Health? Youth? Beauty? Might it suggest a simpler time, a quieter place, and a romantic idealization of America? Objects have cultural connections and artists can use them suggestively to put the viewer in mind of whatever it is the artist intends. To take one example, consider the following phrase: “He’s a bad apple.” In our culture, we understand what that phrase means—and how an artist might use an apple suggestively to portray evil.

How to Choose Better Subject Matter for Your Art
“The Son of Man” by Rene Magritte

The professional artist doesn’t just “see an apple” and rush off to render it. He has intentions. The better you understand your intentions as an artist, the less trouble you will have knowing “what to do with” the objects of the world.


If you have another method for choosing your subject matter, please share your tip with us in the comment section. Thanks, Lori 🙂

Here is a list of some other interesting articles:

How to Jump-Start Your Art Career
10 Ways to Overcome Mental Blocks & Boost Creativity
6 Tips for a Stress-Free Sketchbook
Charcoal Drawing Tips & Techniques
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